(Sample Answer) NRS428 Week 2 Assignment Epidemiology Paper Solution

NRS428 Week 2 Assignment Epidemiology Paper

Write a paper (2,000-2,500 words) in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Refer to “Communicable Disease Chain,” “Chain of Infection,” and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment.

Communicable Disease Selection





Hepatitis B






Epidemiology Paper Requirements;

Describe the chosen communicable disease, including causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc.

Describe the social determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease.

Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), Epidemiology Paper and environmental factors. Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population?

Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collection, data analysis, and follow-up) and why demographic data are necessary to the health of the community.

Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organizations contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of disease.

Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.

A minimum of three peer-reviewed or professional references is required.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the Epidemiology Paper APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance on Epidemiology Paper.

NRS428 Week 2 Assignment Epidemiology Paper

Sample Solution to this assignment

Epidemiology Paper of HIV


Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains a significant global health challenge despite advancements in medical science. This paper aims to explore the epidemiology of HIV, including its causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and demographic characteristics. Additionally, it will delve into the social determinants of health influencing HIV transmission, the epidemiologic triangle related to HIV, the role of community health nurses in addressing HIV, national agencies involved in combating HIV, and global implications of the disease.

Description of HIV

HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically targeting CD4 cells, which play a crucial role in the body’s defense against infections. It is primarily transmitted through contact with certain bodily fluids, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. HIV Epidemiology Paper can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition characterized by a weakened immune system, making individuals more susceptible to opportunistic infections and certain cancers.

Causes, Symptoms, Mode of Transmission, Complications, and Treatment

The primary cause of HIV is the transmission of the virus from one person to another through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles or syringes contaminated with HIV-infected blood, and from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding. Symptoms of HIV can vary but may include fever, sore throat, rash, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches. As the disease progresses, Epidemiology Paper outlines individuals may develop more severe symptoms and complications, such as opportunistic infections and AIDS-defining illnesses.

Treatment for HIV typically involves antiretroviral therapy (ART), which aims to suppress the virus, prevent disease progression, and reduce the risk of transmission. ART involves taking a combination of antiretroviral drugs daily, as prescribed by a healthcare provider. While ART cannot cure HIV, it can significantly prolong the lives of individuals living with the virus and improve their quality of life.

Demographic of Interest

HIV/AIDS affects individuals of all ages, genders, races, and sexual orientations. However, certain demographic groups are disproportionately affected by the disease. Globally, the burden of HIV is highest among key populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), sex workers, and transgender individuals. Additionally, young women and adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa face a particularly high risk of HIV infection.

Is HIV a Reportable Disease?

Yes, HIV is a reportable disease in most countries, including the United States. Healthcare providers are required to report cases of HIV to the appropriate public health authorities. Epidemiology Paper Reporting requirements may vary by jurisdiction, but typically include details such as the patient’s demographic information, laboratory test results, and risk factors for HIV transmission. Reporting timeframes and reporting mechanisms may differ depending on local regulations and policies.

Social Determinants of Health

Several social determinants of health contribute to the development and transmission of HIV. These determinants include socioeconomic status, education level, access to healthcare, stigma and discrimination, and structural factors such as laws and policies. For example, individuals with lower socioeconomic status may face barriers to accessing HIV testing, prevention, and treatment services. Additionally, Epidemiology Paper stigma and discrimination related to HIV can discourage individuals from seeking testing and treatment, further exacerbating the spread of the virus.

Epidemiologic Triangle

The epidemiologic triangle provides a framework for understanding the interactions between the host, agent, and environment in the transmission of infectious diseases like HIV. Host factors influencing HIV transmission include behaviors such as unprotected sex and injection drug use, as well as biological factors such as immune status and viral load. Agent factors include the characteristics of the HIV virus itself, such as its ability to mutate and develop drug resistance.

Environmental factors influencing HIV transmission include social and structural factors such as poverty, inequality, and access to healthcare. Special considerations for the community, schools, and the general population may include targeted HIV prevention and education programs, access to HIV testing and treatment services, and efforts to reduce stigma and discrimination related to HIV. Get Epidemiology Paper & Benchmark – Literature Review Help

Role of Community Health Nurse

Community health nurses play a crucial role in addressing HIV at the local level. Their responsibilities may include case finding, reporting cases of HIV to public health authorities, collecting and analyzing data on HIV epidemiology, and conducting follow-up with individuals diagnosed with HIV to ensure they receive appropriate care and support services. Demographic data are necessary for the health of the community as they help identify populations at highest risk of HIV infection and inform targeted prevention and intervention efforts.

National Agencies or Organizations

One national agency involved in addressing HIV in the United States is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC works to prevent HIV transmission, improve HIV testing and treatment services, and reduce HIV-related health disparities through research, surveillance, and public health programs. Additionally, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) provides Epidemiology Paper funding and support to community health centers and other healthcare providers to deliver comprehensive HIV care and support services to underserved populations.

Global Implications

HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic with significant implications for public health worldwide. While progress has been made in preventing new HIV infections and improving access to HIV treatment and care, challenges remain, particularly in low- and middle-income countries with limited resources and healthcare infrastructure. HIV is endemic to certain regions, with sub-Saharan Africa bearing the highest burden of HIV/AIDS globally.

In other countries and cultures, cultural norms, beliefs, and practices may influence HIV transmission and prevention efforts. For example, in some communities, stigma and discrimination related to HIV may deter individuals from seeking testing and treatment services, hindering efforts to control the spread of the virus.

In conclusion, Epidemiology Paper HIV/AIDS continues to pose significant challenges to global public health, with disparities in access to prevention, testing, and treatment services contributing to ongoing transmission and morbidity. Addressing the social determinants of health influencing HIV transmission, strengthening healthcare systems, and implementing evidence-based prevention and intervention strategies are essential steps in reducing the impact of HIV/AIDS on individuals, communities, and societies worldwide.


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). HIV Basics. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html
  2. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. (2021). Global HIV & AIDS statistics—2021 fact sheet. Retrieved from https://www.unaids.org/en/resources/fact-sheet Epidemiology Paper
  3. World Health Organization. (2021). HIV/AIDS. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids

NRS428 Week 2 Assignment Epidemiology Paper

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