NHS-FPX4000 Assessment 2: Applying Research Skills | Homework Solution

Assessment 2 Instructions: Applying Research Skills

Create a 3-5-page annotated bibliography and summary based on your research related to best practices addressing a current health care problem or issue of interest to you.

In your professional life you will need to find credible evidence to support your decisions and your plans of action. You will want to keep abreast of best practices to help your organization adapt to the ever-changing health care environment. Being adept at research will help you find the information you need. For this assessment, you will select and research a current health care problem or issue faced by a health care organization.

Demonstration of Proficiency


Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

For this assessment, you will research best practices related to a current health care problem. Your selected problem or issue will be utilized again in Assessment 3. To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking.

  1. View the Assessment Topic Areas| Transcript media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues in the media piece to research. Write a brief overview of the selected topic. In your overview:
      • Describe the health care problem or issue.
      • Describe your interest in the topic.
      • Describe any professional experience you have with this topic.
  1. Conduct a search for scholarly or academic peer-reviewed literature related to the topic and describe the criteria you used to search for articles, including the names of the databases you used.
      • You will want to access the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide related to your degree applying research skills (found at the NHS Learner Success Lab) for tips to help you in your search.
      • Use keywords related to the health care problem or issue you are researching to select relevant articles.

NURS-FPX4030 Assessment 2 Instructions: Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

  1. Assess the credibility of the information sources you find.
      • Determine if the source is from an academic peer-reviewed journal.
      • Determine if the publication is current.
      • Determine if information in the academic peer-reviewed journal article is still relevant.
  1. Select four current scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles published during the past three to five years that relate to your topic applying research skills.
  2. Explain the relevance of the information sources.
      • Describe how the health care problem or issue is addressed in each source.
      • Discuss what kind of contribution each source provides on your selected topic.
  1. Analyze the scholarly literature or academic peer-reviewed journal articles using the annotated bibliography organizational format.
      • The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to document a list of references along with key information about each one. The detail about the reference is the annotation. Developing this annotated bibliography will create a foundation of knowledge about the selected topic.
      • List the full reference for the source in APA format (author, date, title, publisher, et cetera) and use APA format for the annotated bibliography.
      • Make sure the references are listed in alphabetical order, are double-spaced, and use hanging indents.
      • Follow the reference with the annotation.
  1. In your annotation:
      • Identify the purpose of the article.
      • Summarize the source:
        • What are the main arguments?
        • What topics are covered?
      • Include the conclusions and findings of the article.
      • Write your annotation in a paragraph form. The annotation should be approximately 150 words (1 to 3 paragraphs) in length applying research skills.
  1. In a separate paragraph or two at the end of the paper, summarize what you learned from your research.
      • List the main points you learned from your research.
      • Summarize the main contributions of the sources you chose and how they enhanced your knowledge about the topic.

Example Assessment: You may use the following to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like:

    • Assessment 2 Example [PDF].

Additional Requirements

    1. Length: At least 3–5 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page and reference page.
    2. Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point applying research skills.
    3. APA Template: Use the APA template linked in the resources. Use the APA Style Paper Template [DOCX] as the paper format and the APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] for guidance.
    4. Written communication: Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    5. Content: Provide a title page and reference page following APA format.
    6. References: Use at least four scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles.
    7. APA format: Follow current APA guidelines for in-text citation of outside sources in the body of your paper and also on the reference page applying research skills.

Note: Review the Applying Research Skills Scoring Guide for the grading criteria applied to this assessment.

Assessment 2 Instructions: Applying Research Skills

Assessment Topic Areas

Selecting a topic for your written assessments can be challenging, but it’s important to make a thoughtful choice.

Choose a topic area of interest to you from the topic suggestions in this media piece. You will use this topic to complete Assessments 2 and 3. Be sure to select a topic that will be manageable for a written assessment.

To explore the chosen topic, you should use the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach, focusing on the sections specifically called out in the assessment guidelines.

Topic 1: Limited Access to Healthcare

Short Description:

Consumers face barriers to healthcare access for assorted reasons. For example: due to geographic location, provider availability, transportation issues and mobility.

Potential Intervention Approaches:

  • Healthcare information online
  • Telemedicine applying research skills
  • In–home healthcare services
Keywords for Articles:

online health information seeking, health care access, health information systems, consumer health information, chronic disease, health information search, health seeking behavior, rural nursing


Bhandari, N. (2014). Seeking health information online: does limited healthcare access matter? Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA (1067-5027), 21 (6), p. 1113. https://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.library.capella.edu/pmc/articles/PMC4215038/

Lee, K., Hoti, K., Hughes, J. D., & Emmerton, L. (2014). Dr Google and the Consumer: A Qualitative Study Exploring the Navigational Needs and Online Health Information-Seeking Behaviors of Consumers with Chronic Health Conditions. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16(12), e262. http://doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.2196/jmir.3706/applying research skills

Ware, P., Bartlett, S. J., Paré, G., Symeonidis, I., Tannenbaum, C., Bartlett, G., … Ahmed, S. (2017). Using eHealth Technologies: Interests, Preferences, and Concerns of Older Adults. Interactive Journal of Medical Research, 6(1), e3. http://doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.2196/ijmr.4447

Pratt, D. (2015). Telehealth and telemedicine. Albany Law Journal of Science & Technology. (1059-4280), 25 (3), p. 495. http://www.lexisnexis.com.library.capella.edu/hottopics/lnacademic/?shr=t&csi=148364&sr=TITLE(%22Telehealth+telemedicine+in+2015%22)+and+date+is+2015

Topic 2: Healthcare Disparities

Short Description:

In 2010, the Federal Department of Human and Health Service (DHHS) launched the Healthy People 2020 goals to include a goal to eliminate health inequality/disparity. Healthy People 2020 defines a health disparity as “a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage. Health disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater obstacles to health based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation or gender identity; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion” (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2017, p.1).

Potential Intervention Approaches:

  • Federal goals
  • Community health improvement plans
  • Patient advocacy efforts applying research skills
  • “Triple Aim” for populations

Keywords for Articles:

health disparities, community health assessment, community health improvement plan, strategic planning, local health departments, health inequities


Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2017). Disparities. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/disparities

Shah G.H., & Sheahan J.P. (2016). Local health departments’ activities to address health disparities and inequities: Are we moving in the right direction? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(1):44. http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/13/1/44 applying research skills

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). Triple Aim for Populations. http://www.ihi.org/Topics/TripleAim/Pages/Overview.aspx

Topic 3: Medication Errors

Short Description:

A medication error is a preventable adverse effect of a patient taking the wrong medication or dosage, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. Medication errors can be a source of serious patient harm, including death.

Potential Intervention Approaches:

  • Medical staff education
  • Packaging improvements
  • Patient medication safety training

Keywords for Articles:

medication administration, medication errors, medication safety


Cohen, M. (2016). Medication errors (miscellaneous). Nursing. 46(2):72, February 2016. DOI: 10.1097/01.NURSE.0000476239.09094.06 applying research skills

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). Improve Core Processes for Administering Medications. http://www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/Changes/ImproveCoreProcessesforAdministeringMedications.aspx

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2012). Table 6: Categories of Medication Error Classification. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/patient-safety-resources/resources/match/matchtab6.html applying research skills

Schmidt, K., Taylor, A., & Pearson, A. (2017). Reduction of medication errors: A unique approach. Journal of Nursing Care Quality. 32(2), applying research skills April/June 2017, 150–156.

Topic 4: Healthcare System Errors

Short Description:

The health care system in the United States has been the subject of much debate as experts try to determine the best way to deliver high-quality care. In Crossing the Quality Chasm, the Institute of Medicine (2001) called for the redesign of health care delivery systems and their external environments to promote care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable.

Potential Intervention Approaches: applying research skills

  • Systemwide transformation
  • Process redesign
  • Electronic health records
Keywords for Articles:

multi-stakeholder collaboration, healthcare system redesign


Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Quality of Health Care in America. (2001). Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US).Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2017). Hospitals and Health Systems.  http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/index.html applying research skills

Roberts, B. (2017). Relationship-based care: The institute of medicine’s core competencies in action. Creative Nursing, 05/2016, 22(2).


Subject Matter Expert: applying research skills

Joan Vermillion

Interactive Design:

Lori Olson

Media Instructional Design:

Felicity Pearson

Instructional Design: applying research skills

Celina Byers

Project Manager:

Alan Campbell

NURS-FPX4030 Assessment 2 Instructions: Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

Resources: Research and Annotated Bibliographies

  • Print
  • How do you approach a problem or issue within your organization? How often do you need credible information to solve a personal or professional problem? Credible information is information that is trustworthy. One of the best sources for credible information is the professional literature of the field you are studying; in your case, health care. Professional literature is research that has been written and reviewed by other people in your field.

The following resources can help you as you complete your research and seek out professional literature on a health care topic.

    • Gennaro, S. (2016). Why write? Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(2), 117.
    • National Institutes of Health, U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2017). Evidence-based practice and health technology assessment. Retrieved from applying research skills https://www.nlm.nih.gov/hsrinfo/evidence_based_practice.html
    • Rollins, J. A. (2017). Healthcare: It’s “so complicated.” Pediatric Nursing, 43(2), 58, 102.

Each of the following Research Guides is written with a specific program in mind. The one for your program can provide insights about researching topics related to your field.

    • Nursing (BSN) Library Research Guide.
    • Public Health Undergraduate Library Research Guide.
    • Health Care Administration Undergraduate Library Research Guide.

The following resources provide specific information about annotated bibliographies.

    • What Not To Do: Source Material for the Annotated Bibliography | Transcript.
    • Sample Annotated Bibliography [PDF].

NURS-FPX4030 Assessment 2 Instructions: Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

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